tv DW News PBS August 28, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] post: this is "dw news" live from berlin. a journey of hope that ended in death, migrants found dead in a truck on the austrian highway. little hope of identifying the 70 bodies. another fire attack on a german refugee shelter, the latest in a spate of attacks. the state premier calls it attempted murder. as part of our week long focus on the eu, we ask, is a different europe possible? a former white house adviser tells us how the eu needs to
change. matt: i am at hermann. thanks for joining us. hungarian police say they have arrested four people in connection with a gruesome discovery near vienna. some 71 people apparently suffocated in an abandoned truck. the deaths have shocked austria and driven home the human cost of europe's migrant crisis. >> the reality was worse ban anyone had feared. austrian police recovered 71 bodies from the truck, among them, for children. it's thought the dead were syrian refugees who had crossed the border from hungary. police believe they suffocated. the refrigeration truck had no vents to let fresh air inside.
the vehicle was registered to a company at this building in budapest. it's thought it was the cover for a people trafficking ring. four people have been arrested. >> one of the poll pull -- one of the people is of bulgarian-lebanese origin. one is hungarian, and one has a hungarian identity card. reporter: the truck was discovered on one of austria's main motorways from hungary to vienna. the united nations says europe's highways have become a focus for people smugglers. it's calling for tougher action against traffic smugglers and safer options for refugees. >> we reiterate our call on european countries to approach the migrant and refugee crisis in a spirit of solidarity and
cooperation and to provide safe, legal alternatives to these dangerous, a regular journeys. reporter: those who died in the truck, may have started their journey here at the rail station in budapest. hundreds of refugees gather here every day to make contact with those who can transport them. many are desperate, no matter how high the price. matt: meanwhile, hundreds of people were trapped on a boat off the coast of libya. almost 100 people are missing or figured -- feared dead. many were from syria or sub-saharan africa. the international organization for migration says more than 23 hundred people have died attempting to cross the mediterranean so far this year.
here in germany, we have seen a string of antiforeigner attacks on asylum hostels. the latest came on friday in the form of a firebomb on a shelter. reporter: people gathered in front of the makeshift shelter. the previous night, it was the target of an arson attack. the center was housing around 30 refugees. none were injured. nonetheless, lower saxony's state premier responded with clear words. >> to be blunt. this was attempted murder. whoever did this new full well that women and children could have burned to death. reporter: around 2:00 a.m., the assailants hurled molotov cocktails through the center window. the african family living in the room were lucky. they were next-door visiting
friends. most of the residents had just arrived. >> i am afraid. i don't know it's going to happen now. i am just really scared -- what going to happen now. i am just really scared. reporter: three suspects were arrested. the state premier went on television. >> we have concussions, and law enforcement officials will give out more details tomorrow. -- confessions, and law enforcement officials will give out more details tomorrow. >> making this a priority should send a clear message to dissenters on the right. reporter: demonstrators made similar demands, as they showed solidarity with the refugees. the family most affected by the attack is resting easier tonight in a private home. matt: after and a refugee riots a week ago, people in an eastern
germantown have turned up to show support for the newcomers. at a local home, and alliance against right wing extremism has posted a welcome party. organizers distributed clothing. on friday, a court upheld a ban on political rallies, allowing only the welcome event to take place. our political correspondent, simon young, was on hand for that gathering. he describes a festive atmosphere with the threat of violence kept away, but not banished. simon: today was a day of peaceful encounters between refugees and germans. people brought food and danced and sang with asylum seekers from many countries. that was only possible because the police moved in to keep those ready to use violence
against refugees at a distance. it is clear that many in the region still pose a threat to asylum-seekers. as long as those in the background are willing to use violence to express their views, a threat surely remains. matt: we move to greece, where economic news and recent history have been grim. you are telling me they're ours bills him raise of -- you are telling me there are still some rays of sunshine. >> there are. the greek economy grew by 0.9% in the second quarter, three times as much as the eurozone as a whole. also, the date for the countries elections is now official, september 20. the current government
hopes that good economic news will give it a boost at the polls. consumer spending, surprisingly, is one factor behind the recent jump in gdp. greeks were spending on things like cars and durable goods. they were trying to put their money to good use as the threat of capital controls loomed larger. since june, greeks have only been able to take a maximum of 420 euros a week out of their bank accounts. tourists have also played a major role in the bounce. they have come, despite all of the economic uncertainty. >> the weather, the food, the sea, the slow wind, just perfect. >> greece's leading tourism operators says this week is expected -- this year is expected to be even better, with
25 million holiday goers forecast. >> it's about 19% of our gdp. all studies show that this number can be improved. reporter: but the recovery is likely to be short-lived. creditors say greece will probably contract again this quarter, largely because the economy suffered badly when banks were shut down in july for three weeks to prevent the economic collapse. >> friday turned out to be the end of a volatile week of trading on global markets. investors are still wary of china's measures to stabilize its own stock markets. the downward plunge has been halted for now, but some call china's stock exchanges little more than casinos, and accuse beijing of gambling with its own
people's savings. the rally in shanghai continued on friday. the chinese government moved to allow pension funds to directly invest in stocks. that has raised hopes among investors, mostly small investors, who put their money into chinese stocks and have mostly seen it disappear. stocks are down nearly 5% on the week. many have watched their retirement savings go up in smoke. the chinese government is trying to calm people's fears. >> because the pension fund is the people's money, it will directly affect the interest of hundreds of millions of people. when you look at our guideline for investment, which includes 11 chapters and 72 articles, you will see that the core theme of the whole guideline is the
safety of the fund. up to 30% can now be invested in stocks, in addition to bonds and asset-backed securities. the government in beijing has implemented a series of measures aimed at supporting the market, including the repeated devaluation of the country's currency. that makes chinese exports easier to buy abroad, but it has done little to stabilize the stock market. >> it has been a roller coaster ride for investors this week, massive losses followed by a heavy rebound. our correspondent in new york, this volatility we are seeing, is this the new normal? >> for the near future it seems that way. china was the trigger. especially here on wall street, there was a feeling that the chinese government had lost control. by all measures, the people's
bank of china did not seem to work. when it comes to this talk market, -- the stock market, it is always a matter of trust. we saw the most turbulence of this week on wall street since the financial crisis of 2008. many investors obviously believed the losses were exaggerated. for the month, we are still down about 6%. we had massive movements in the oil markets. for eight weeks, oil prices fell. the past couple of trading days, oil prices came back by a good 20%. it's not all about china. this discussion will intensify if the federal reserve raises interest rates in two and a half weeks. >> thank you for your analysis. so much from the business desk for the moment. now matt has a story about a quietly surprising discovery.
matt: imagine this. and armored train filled with gold, jewels, valuables of all kinds lost by the nazis in the closing days of world war ii. a legend has fired the imaginations of treasure hunters for decades, and now may be tantalizingly close to discovery. >> it reads like the plot of a hollywood movie. and not to train filled with gold, lost for 70 -- a nazi train filled with gold lost for 70 years. >> as far as i know, no one has accessed the train since world war ii. the information about its location was passed on by a person who was among those who buried the train. that secret was revealed on the person's deathbed, along with a sketch of where the train was hidden.
the story goes that a train filled with gold and jewels went missing in 1945 while fleeing the red army. the train is thought to have departed broad staff, but before it reached its destination, it entered a tunnel, never to emerge again. during the work, the nazis excavated a series of underground tunnels. recently, excavators told authorities they had found the disused train in a tunnel and demanded a reward. now, authorities have seen an image that shows underground rail forms and what could be an armored train. it seems more likely than ever that the train rests somewhere under these hills.
matt: welcome back. our top story, police arrest four suspects in the case of migrants found dead in a truck. 71 bodies were found abandoned on an austrian highway. it's the final day of our series asking what is next for europe. for many eu citizens, the answer is change. a surge of hearties -- parties have shown that the voters are disillusioned with the eu. while many do not want out, they
do want europe to take a new course with less waffling and more jobs, especially for young people. the global financial crisis took a heavy toll on jobs for young people, especially in spain, where youth unemployment hovers around 50%. we take a look at this lost generation. >> many businesses in spain are shuttered after the owners could not pay their bills. the reason is the financial crisis, which has triggered high unemployment. the hardest hit our young people, half of whom are out of work. across europe, nearly 15% -- 50% are unemployed. the eu has come up with various programs to combat youth unemployment. the block once to increase labor mobility and help shoulder the cost of young people leaving
their countries to look for job training and work elsewhere. secondly, the eu has made money available to encourage people to start their own companies. and now there is the so-called "youth guarantee," supported by the european social fund, with 10 billion euros a year. >> it aims to ensure that as many young people as possible can find a job, training, internship, or further education. promises have been made that can't be capped because of the disastrous financial situation in many country -- can't be kept because of the disastrous financial situation in many countries. >> many governments do not have many countries are incapable of cutting unemployment. germany's the big exception.
thousands of companies say they cannot fill vacant apprenticeships and they offer viable options for job seekers across europe. matt: what should be done to combat mass unemployment across europe? that is likely to be a big question for the youth parliant, meeting in berlin this weekend. it is an opportunity for europe's decision makers of tomorrow to tackle the problems of today. >> europe is their home and their passion. these young europeans are training at a summer camp in berlin. their main goal is getting other young people interested in europe as well. >> we shouldn't be the only leaders of europe, or future leaders. it should be all of us doing things for society, and for european society. >> every year, several hundred delegates come to international
plenary sessions, and politicians get a chance to hear what is important to these young people. a top priority now is refugees working asylum -- seeking asylum. >> in hungary and the u.k., heads of state and national governments have their own political agendas and are completely unwilling to it here to even already exist ding eu agreements, let alone come up with new solutions, which obviously, we so desperately need at the moment. >> weather finish, british, or german, they all agree that change is needed. >> i would probably have more governments -- governance done on the european level. give more say to the european parliament. >> i would like more solidarity, or at least a concrete political
decision to say we don't have that. be honest and say that's not what people want and that's not what governments are willing to do at the moment. >> resigning themselves to the status oh is not acceptable. >> europe has the potential to be fantastic in a globalized world. speaking as a woman, i think europe is the best place in the world to be a woman nowadays, or ever, and i think we have only through the eu and only through united voice and internationals age do we have the potential to us know -- to also say hey, gender equality is not just ideological. it makes economic sense. include women in the workforce. >> they all agree that brussels should have more authority and that member states should have less. some are optimistic. others less so. >> europe and the european union
-- it's difficult to see into any kind of clear future. i don't know. >> i am very convinced that i will get old and a europe that is way more integrated, where there is more exchange between rich and poor countries. >> the chance to spend time together and trade experiences is just as important to the participants. there are also plenty of things to talk about besides the state of the european union. matt: to talk more about some of the ways in which the eu could or perhaps must change, i am joined by karen daltrey. until recently, she was president obama's principal adviser on europe, but she is now the president of a fund that aims to strengthen international cooperation. as we just heard, some of these young people want more power in brussels. do you think they will live to see that happen?
karen: i personally am a a a booster of deeper european integration, but perhaps more importantly, successive u.s. administrations the port deeper european integration, not only for the benefits it has -- support deeper european integration, not only for the benefits it has brought to the continent, but also because europeans are our closest allies. whenever we go to meet a challenge, whether afghanistan, iran, the islamic state, we look to europe to partner with us. so, the stronger those institutions are, we would argue that is a good thing for the u.s. as well. matt: from the perspective of the u.s. and u.s. policy makers, what are some concrete steps you would like to see europe take to make their structure stronger? karen: i think we have seen the european union and its member
states struggling to manage simultaneous crazies. we have seen crisis in you came -- crisis in ukraine because of russian aggression. we have seen crisis in the eurozone, most recently with agreement on a third bailout package for greece. and as some of the young folks mentioned, there is the migration crisis that is ongoing on europe's doorstep. i think these are challenges for europe's ability to find a common strategy. i would argue that the migration challenge can only be met if the european countries work together. i would argue that is a critical priority for europe today. matt: let's talk a moment about making europe a stronger partner for the u.s. and other powerful nations around the world. what kind of role would you like to see europe play on the world stage?
terran: i think we already see the european union -- karen: i think we are a see the european union playing a critical role on the world stage. over a year ago, we saw a russia annexed crimea era. we see ongoing violence -- we saw a russia annexed crimea -- we saw russia annex crimea. we have seen 28 members of the eu agree on successive rounds of sanctions in coordination with the u.s. i think that has an a powerful response to the russian aggression. matt: finally, you mentioned some of the crises europe is facing at the moment. under the current way europe operates, do you think it is capable of handling them?
or are they going to have to come to some decisions before they can really move forward? karen: one thing we have seen with all of these crazies is that you not only need the european union as an institution to respond, you need to see member states showing leadership . of all of these crises that i mentioned, it is germany as the economically strongest and most populous country in the eu that is being looked to for leadership. we have seen germany show that leadership on ukraine, i'm greece, and everyone is now looking to germany to -- on greece, and now everyone is looking to germany to show that leadership on the migrant crisis. this week, every day, angela merkel has been somewhere speaking on this issue. we need to see the eu come together with a common solution to this crisis.
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